Census Notes


For information on the census returns of England & Wales, see www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Census.html.

In addition to the usual 1841-1901 census, some earlier records for Therfield have also survived, including the 1821 civil census, and some even earlier ecclesiastical 'census' lists.

The transcripts may include errors, so don't trust anything you find at this site.  Always look at the originals.
 
 
Rector's Lists of Inhabitants, 1803-1807
Not as informative as the later civil census, but could prove helpful.  See separate Notes page.
 
 
Civil Census, 1801-1831
Only the 1821 census has survived, and is transcribed here.  All that remains for the other years is the numbers of inhabitants.
 
  1801, 707 inhabitants, 370 male 337 female.
  1811, 692 inhabitants, 348 male 344 female.
  1821, 872 inhabitants, 467 male 405 female.
  1831, 974 inhabitants, 516 male 458 female.
 
 
Civil Census, 1841-1901
Either browse the transcripts or use the indexes, but be prepared to search for spelling variants of several surnames.  Where words were difficult to read, or open to interpretation, a question mark '?' has been appended.  For sources of census images on CD and online, see Links page.

As the civil census evolved, additional columns were gradually introduced for statistical purposes.  For the sake of clarity, these columns are omitted from the transcripts.  The information they contain is not usually of much interest to family historians.  If you need to know how many rooms Aunt Fanny had in 1891, you will have to consult the actual census - which you should do anyway!
 

1841, 1224 inhabitants, 620 male 604 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Households have been separated in line with the enumerators' marks, even if these seemed slightly dubious, but household separation may not exactly reflect what the enumerator intended.  For ease of identification, and in the absence of the Schedule Numbers used in later years, our own reference numbers have been allotted to each (apparent) household.
 
  1851, 1335 inhabitants, 698 male 637 female Description of Enumeration Districts
 
  1861, 1222 inhabitants, 653 male 569 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Actually only 1146 inhabitants, because the last 4 pages of 1861 have not survived.  All that is known is that they contained details of another 76 people (33 males, 43 females).  Any disabilities (2 blind and 2 deaf) are recorded in square brackets '[  ]' in the Where Born column.
 
  1871, 1237 inhabitants, 638 male 599 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Any disabilities (1 cripple, 1 idiot, and 1 deaf & blind) are recorded in square brackets '[  ]' in the Where Born column.
 
  1881, 1175 inhabitants, 619 male 556 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Any disabilities (2 deaf & 3 imbeciles) are recorded in square brackets '[  ]' in the Where Born column.
 
  1891, 996 inhabitants, 532 male 464 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Any disabilities (1 deaf) are recorded in square brackets '[  ]' in the Where Born column.
 
  1901, 708 inhabitants, 386 male 322 female Description of Enumeration Districts
Any disabilities (1 deaf, 2 imbeciles, 1 senile infirmity, & 1 Glaucema ) are recorded in square brackets '[  ]' in the Where Born column.
 


 

HOME  Page last updated: 17th February 2008, e-mail: martin@hagger.org